Voter ID:- What are the Voter identification laws & How to Apply EPIC Card 2024

Voter identification laws vary by state and country, but they generally require voters to show some form of ID before casting their ballots. This is to prevent voter fraud and ensure the integrity of the electoral process. In India, one common form of voter identification is the Elector Photo Identity Card (EPIC), commonly known as the Voter ID card. To apply for an EPIC card in 2024, eligible individuals can visit their local Election Commission office or apply online through the National Voter Service Portal. The application process typically involves providing proof of identity, age, and address, as well as a recent passport-sized photograph. Once approved, the EPIC card serves as a crucial form of identification during elections and is a symbol of one’s right to participate in the democratic process.

Voter ID

The Voter ID Card, also referred to as the Electors Photo Identity Card (EPIC), is issued by the Election Commission of India to eligible individuals for voting purposes. Its main aim is to enhance the precision of the electoral roll and deter electoral fraud, while also serving as a means of identification during voting. This card is alternatively known as an election card, voter’s card, or Voter ID.

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Voter Identification Laws Identification

Voter identification laws, which mandate individuals to present a form of identification before casting their votes, have been a topic of debate and controversy in many jurisdictions. While these laws are intended to prevent voter fraud and ensure the integrity of elections, critics argue that they can disenfranchise certain groups of voters, particularly those who may face challenges in obtaining the required identification. In jurisdictions where photo IDs are mandatory for voting, individuals without such IDs are usually required to have their identity verified by another person or sign a Challenged Voter Affidavit to receive a ballot.

Voter identification laws Aims

This process aims to balance the need for election security with the preservation of voting rights for all eligible citizens. Advocates of voter identification laws emphasize the importance of safeguarding the electoral process against fraudulent activities such as impersonation or double voting. They argue that requiring ID helps maintain trust in the democratic system and upholds the principle of “one person, one vote.” On the other hand, opponents raise concerns about potential barriers to voting access created by these laws.

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What are the Voter identification laws?

They point out that certain groups, such as low-income individuals, minorities, and the elderly, may face difficulties in meeting ID requirements due to factors like lack of transportation, cost of obtaining IDs, or discrepancies in personal information. As discussions on voter identification laws continue, it is essential to find a balance between ensuring election security and preserving equal access to the fundamental right to vote for all eligible citizens. Policymakers and stakeholders must consider these complex dynamics when evaluating and implementing voter identification regulations.

What is an Electors Photo Identity Card Number On  Voter ID?

The Electors Photo Identity Card (EPIC) number is the voter ID number provided by the Election Commission of India (ECI). It serves as a distinct combination of letters and digits, serving as identification for Indian citizens aged 18 and above and enabling them to participate in elections across the country. This unique EPIC number is located on the voter ID card, positioned above the individual’s photograph.

What are the Steps to Find EPIC Number Online?

Here are the steps to find your EPIC number: 

  • Step 1: Visit the official website ofVoters’ Service Portal’.
  • Step 2: Click on ‘Search in Electoral Roll Search’ option
  • Step 3: Fill in the required details
  • Step 4: Enter the captcha code
  • Step 5: Click on ‘EPIC Number Search’ option

A list of names will be displayed, and individuals need to find out their EPIC number from that list. 

What is the Voter ID Structure?

A voter ID card is a recognized form of personal identification in India, issued by a government authority. It includes the following information: 

  • Unique serial number
  • Photograph of the cardholder
  • Hologram featuring the state/national symbol
  • Name of the cardholder
  • Father’s name of the cardholder
  • Gender
  • Date of birth
  • Residential address of the cardholder

Also, the issuing authority’s signature, known as the Electoral Registration Officer, is on the rear side of the voter ID card. 

How to Apply EPIC Card 2024?

  • The first step is to check your eligibility for the EPIC card. This card is typically issued to individuals who are above the age of 18 and are permanent residents of India.
  • If you are eligible, you can apply for the EPIC card online through the National Voters’ Service Portal (NVSP) website or by filling out Form 6 and submitting it to your nearest Electoral Registration Officer (ERO).
  • You will need to provide proof of identity, address, and age along with your application form.
  • Once your application is processed and approved, you will receive a unique EPIC number which can be used to track the status of your card.
  • You can then collect your EPIC card from the designated location or have it delivered to your registered address.
  • Make sure to carry your EPIC card with you when going to vote in any elections.

How You Can Track Voter ID Card Status?

  • Visit the National Voters’ Services Portal.
  • Click on the ‘Login’ button. Login by entering your mobile number, password, captcha code and OTP.
  • Once you login, click on the ‘Track Application Status’ tab.
  • Enter the reference number, select your state and click the ‘Submit’ button.
  • The voter registration status will be displayed on the screen.

The reference ID is a distinctive number given on the acknowledgment slip you get when submitting your voter registration application. To verify your voter registration status, you can go to the State Election Office and provide your name, date of birth, and address information. Officials will verify and inform you of your voter registration status.

How to Apply for a Voter ID Card 2024 Offline?

The following are the steps to apply for a voter ID card offline:

  • You will need to fill two copies of Form 6. The form is available at offices of Booth Level Officers and Electoral Registration Officers/Assistant Electoral Registration Officers. The form is available free of cost.
  • When you visit the Electoral Registration Officer/Assistant Electoral Registration Officer, the filled forms and documents must be provided. You can also send them via post to the Booth Level Officer.
  • In case of any queries, you can call 1950.

How to Download Voter ID 2024 In Voter Helpline App?

  • From the Google Play Store or Apple Store, download the Voter Helpline App
  • Click on the ‘Personal Vault’ option
  • Enter the required details, such as mobile number, password, and OTP (One Time Password)
  • Click on ‘Login’ option
  • After logging in, your e-EPIC card will be displayed on the screen
  • Click on ‘Download’ option to download the card on your mobile device

How to Upload Voter ID in DigiLocker?

The following are the steps to upload voter ID card through DigiLocker:

  • Download the e-EPIC card through the Voter Helpline App or the Voter Services Portal
  • Upload the downloaded PDF of the e-EPIC card on DigiLocker


As we navigate through the realm of voter identification laws and the significance of obtaining an EPIC card in 2024, it becomes evident that these processes play a crucial role in shaping our democratic landscape. Ensuring that you have the necessary identification to exercise your right to vote is not just a legal requirement but a fundamental aspect of active citizenship. By familiarizing yourself with these laws and taking the steps to secure your EPIC card, you are contributing to the integrity and strength of our electoral system. Let’s empower ourselves and others with knowledge, enabling us to participate fully in the democratic process.

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